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N-butanol and beyond: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Green Biologics

Biofuels Digest - Tue, 06/27/2017 - 2:38pm

Green Biologics is focused on the production of renewable n-butanol and other C4 chemicals from various renewable feedstocks, including sugar (cane, molasses, beets), starch (corn) and cellulosic biomass (corn residues, sugar cane bagasse, forest materials and grasses).

GBL works with feedstock partners to deliver capital efficient production models, and works with downstream partners to deliver high quality, competitively priced products for the global renewable chemicals and biofuels markets.

Green Biologics CEO Sean Sutcliffe gave this illuminating overview of the company’s progress and promise at ABLC 2017 in Washington DC.

Categories: Today's News

Tasty Energy Treats You Can Make From Brownies

Biofuels Digest - Tue, 06/27/2017 - 2:25pm

Terpenes may be the most unloved class of energy molecule of all time, if you compare R&D spending to potential. Even ARPA-E, the home of high-risk, high-reward government research into energy, hasn’t delved into terpenes since 2012’s OPEN invite, where Allylix picked up a single $467,6905 award to develop a “Renewable Platform for Production of Sesquiterpene Aviation Fuels & Fuel Additives from Renewable Feedstocks”. Then, Allylix was acquired by Evolva, which has focused its portfolio on stevia, resveratrol and nootkatone and put terpene fuel capabilities on the back burner.

Allylix was making super-dense fuels that could serve as high-energy additives, or ultimately serve the JP-10 market — think $25 per gallon missile fuel. One problem? The feedstock was sugar, which started the process with a cost albatross around its neck.

But what about isoprene? At the end of the day, two isoprene molecules make up a terpene and three make up a sesquiterpene. And there’s much to love about isoprene.

4 Reasons to love bio-isoprene

1. Love drop-in fuels? Isoprene is a hydrocarbon, C5H8.

2. Dislike the loss in vehicle range with ethanol and EVs? Isoprene checks in at 107,000 BTUs/gallon, roughly 40% ahead of ethanol, and about 6 percent short of gasoline.

3. A fan of high octane? Isoprene is a chart-buster, checking in with a RON of 132, compared to 109-120 for ethanol and 84-85 for standard gasoline at the refinery.

4. One more thing to prize in isoprenes is that they also serve a higher-value chemicals market — bio-isoprene is a perfectly good material for tires — so, a project to make isoprenes has a natural high-value, small-volume market but translates well to bigger markets that large production volumes can unlock.

The basic idea

If you follow the basic chemical math, you won’t make isoprene the way that organisms do, but it’s easier to get the idea:

5CO2 + 4H2O —> C5H8 + 4 O2

Plants give off free oxygen, that’s the O2 there — and C5H8, that’s our friend isoprene. To make it, they use three inputs which they obtain for nothing, and even in an industrial setting, CO2 is cheap, water is even cheaper, and sunlight is free.

Lots and lots of source micro-organisms

The word champ in terms of R&D interest has been Botryococcus braunii, a species of green micro-algae that lives in and uses seawater. Here’s some work on that.

We call him Brownie, for short. As Wikipedia notes:

In folklore, a brownie resembles the hob, similar to a hobgoblin. Brownies are said to inhabit houses and aid in tasks around the house. However, they do not like to be seen and will only work at night, traditionally in exchange for small gifts of food. 

As JGI points out:

Approximately 40 percent of the B. braunii cells is made up of hydrocarbons, and the oil produced can be easily converted and used for vehicle and jet fuels with more than 90 percent efficiency. B. braunii has been studied for several decades not just for its potential as a source of biofuel but for its ability to sequester carbon.

But there are other candidate microorganisms —  this research project looked at isoprene made by diatom strains (Thalassiosira weissflogii and Thalassiosira pseudonana), prymnesiophyte strains (Pleurochrysis carterae), dinoflagellate strains (Karenia brevis and Prorocentrum minimum), and cryptophyte strains (Rhodomonas salina).

Prefer macroalgae? Try this research project.

Do Brownies make isoprene? Here’s what the researchers at Alchetron have to say:

Up to 86% of the dry weight of Botryococcus brauniican be long-chain hydrocarbons. The vast majority of these hydrocarbons are botryocuccus oils: botryococcenes, alkadienes and alkatrienes…Botryococcenes are unbranched isoprenoid triterpenes having the formula CnH2n-10. The A race produces alkadienes and alkatrienes wherein n is an odd number 23 through 31. The B race produces botryococcenes wherein n is in the range 30 through 37…Botryococcenes are preferred over alkadienes and alkatrienes for hydrocracking as botryococcenes will likely be transformed into a fuel with a higher octane rating.

Brownie gets sequenced

So, here’s some of the best news that has come down the fuel pathway for some time:

The genome of the fuel-producing green microalga Botryococcus braunii has been sequenced by a team of Texas A&M AgriLife researchers. In addition to sequencing the genome, other genetic facts emerged that ultimately could help his team and others studying this green microalga further research toward producing algae and plants as a renewable fuel source.

The report, in Genome Announcements, came after almost seven years of research, according to Dr. Tim Devarenne, AgriLife Research biochemist and principal investigator in College Station. In addition to sequencing the genome, other genetic facts emerged that ultimately could help his team and others studying this green microalga further research toward producing algae and plants as a renewable fuel source.

So, that’s the claim and it’s almost true.

It’s actually what they call a “draft genome.”. Devarenne said that because only portions of the B. braunii genome in this report are “spelled out”.

“It’s not perfect, but it’s still very usable and valuable to the other researchers who are studying this alga,” he said. He added that sequencing B. braunii genome has been very challenging to assemble because of lots of repetitive sequences in it.

“Assembling the genome is not a trivial process at all,” Devarenne explained. “We send DNA to be sequenced by the Joint Genome Institute, which is part of the U.S. Department of Energy, and they sequence it in lots of very small fragments. These fragments of DNA may be anywhere from 150 to 300 base pairs long. So imagine if we have 166 million bases in our genome, and it is sent back to us in little fragments that have to be assembled back together to arrive at 166 million bases. We used the Texas A&M Supercomputer Center to help.”

As more gaps are filled in, he said, a more complete genome will emerge, and that will help researchers dive deeper into the biochemical processes in this alga.That information will then help them understand how and why the organism makes hydrocarbons in very high quantities, how that process is regulated and what the particular biosynthetic pathways are used to make the hydrocarbons.

Brownies: petroleum’s missing link?

How exactly was petroleum created in the first place? Our genome team here points out that “hydrocarbons from B. braunii have long been associated with petroleum deposits, indicating that over geologic time the alga has coincided with and contributed to the formation of petroleum deposits.”

“Essentially,” said Devarenne, “if we were to use the hydrocarbon oils from this alga to be a renewable fuel source, there would be no need to change any kind of infrastructure for making the fuel. It could be put right into the existing petroleum processing system and get the same fuels out of it.”

The silence

You’d think that the world would be all over a microbe that makes petroleum out of thin air and water. It ought to be the state animal of Texas, replacing the armadillo and the Texas Longhorn, which are animals of great repute but they don’t synthesize oil, do they?

The problem is, as always, an organism that makes the right concentrations of target material, but never fast enough. Back in the age of the dinosaurs, no one was on the clock, take a million years, no worries. But here we are in the 21 century and the operative word in this bioeconomy is speed. Hard to get three year payback.

So, someone has to get Brownie into the gym and work hard on productivity. And make all those lovely isoprenes.

A project to watch

Meanwhile, here’s one project in South America.

HHT was selected for the conceptual design of a pilot plant to demonstrate the photosynthesis of isoprene from algae in closed bioreactor systems. The conceptual design included the processing facility, laboratory, gas storage, utilities, offices and maintenance.

The Bottom Line

By Brownie or any other source, why aren’t we spending more time on isoprenes? Just sayin’.

Categories: Today's News

Velocys pivots from “FT tech co” to “renewable fuels company”, eyes California

Biofuels Digest - Mon, 06/26/2017 - 6:13pm

In the UK, Velocys CEO David Pummell said that “Our new strategy is for Velocys to be at the heart of building plants that convert woody biomass to high specification renewable diesel and jet fuel for the US market, our primary focus market. We have a world class, proven technology and highly skilled operations and engineering teams that, with our partners, will successfully design, build, commission and start up these commercial plants. Our route to the production of renewable fuels from woody biomass uses cost effective, abundant and entirely sustainable feedstock, allowing our solution to be highly scalable to meet the increased demand for renewable fuels. All of this contributes to our differentiated value proposition to the market”.

His remarks came as the company confirmed that Fischer-Tropsch product is being produced at its ENVIA project and that operational data from the FT units meet the set performance requirements at commercial scale. Production of first saleable product is expected shortly and ENVIA will continue to ramp up production to full capacity over the coming months.

 

“The US renewable fuels market is a high value market with substantial potential for volume growth, now, and for many years to come. The estimated consumption of renewable diesel in California in 2016 was around 300 million gallons. By 2030 around 1 billion gallons of the total diesel supply would need to come from renewable diesel to meet State obligations. Increasing pressure from public opinion and legislation to curb greenhouse gas emissions and reduce pollution drives this market. This has led to long term structural incentives for renewable fuels in the form of fuel credits at both federal and state level, greatly enhancing the revenues from a Velocys plant. Successful delivery of the Velocys strategy will result in the construction of multiple plants, to meet this fundamental need to replace fossil fuels.

Velocys pointed to strong momentum, including engaging IHI E&C to carry out the pre-FEED engineering study for our first biomass-to-liquids (plant and selecting TRI as our strategic partner for gasification technology  Meanhile, thecompany is pursuing a Phase 2 of a USDA  loan guarantee programme for up to $200 million of debt for its first BTL plant. Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation will be the lender of record and lead the syndication of the debt funding portion in 2018. All these carefully planned initiatives have the aim of securing project equity funding and reaching final investment decision during the course of 2018.

Pummel said, “The Company is transforming – moving away from being ‘a FT technology company’ to being Velocys, ‘the renewable fuels company’. The time is now right for Velocys to take forward a bold growth strategy and I am confident that we are the right company, with the right technology, at the right time to enter this attractive market and deliver sustainable growth.”

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Algae biodiesel reduces emissions up to 80%: report

Biofuels Digest - Mon, 06/26/2017 - 6:10pm

In Chile, FLS is reporting that researhers at Department of Chemical Engineering and Bioprocesses of the Catholic University have found that that algae-based biodiesel can reduce emissions and particulates by up to 80 percent in high-power diesel engines, compored to fiossil diesl. The research effort is a partnership with Automotive Mechanics of the Duoc UC,and Laboratory of Renewable Energies and Residues of the UC Engineering School. “Some species of microalgae can accumulate a large amount of oils, whose origin is the fixation of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. These can be used to produce biodiesel in a similar way to the biofuel that is produced with oils used in frying,” César Sáez, a CU Engineering School professor leading the project, told FLS.  The research also investigated the emissions-reducing potential of waste-based fryer oils, and looked at engines typical of those used by Trans-Santiago buses and trucks.r, he said, some models incorporate a catalytic system to transform and eliminate such a pollutant.

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COFCO on the sidelines, saddled with debt, but Bunge-Glencor merger talks continue: report

Biofuels Digest - Mon, 06/26/2017 - 6:09pm

In China, Reuters is reporting that COFCO is now expected to sit out the current wave of global M&A amongst major agricultural firms, citing that “he state-run conglomerate is struggling to integrate businesses it bought three years ago, deals which made it a significant global agricultural trader but are now hindering its ability to swoop on rivals.” In all, the state-controlled COFCO controls interests in sectors varied from hotels to the bioeconomy, and the Reuters report referes to a company struggling with debt load. In a biofuels sideline, the report also noted “a $150 million financial hole in its Latin American operations and $200 million in unauthorised trading losses on its biofuels desk in the region.” Overall, COFCO trades over 78 million tonnes of grain, a numebr that spiked in recent years with the acquisition of the Swiss-owned Nidera and the Noble Groups’s agribusiness, which the company paid more than $3 billion to acquire.

The report also confirms that Glencore and Bunge ar ein talks about a potential combiantion, after the Bayer-Monsanto, Dow-DuPont and Syngenta-ChemChina combiantinos that are all pursuing regulatory approval around the globe.

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Evogene advances against Western corn rootworm

Biofuels Digest - Mon, 06/26/2017 - 6:08pm

In Israel, Evogene has advanced a gene displaying insecticidal activity against Western corn rootworm into Phase-I  focusing on validation in target crops, following positive laboratory assay results. Additionally, the company announced for the first time the identification of a set of genes displaying initial toxic activity against southern green stinkbug, a major pest in soybean and other crops.

Evogene’s insect control seed trait program was initiated in 2014 and addresses numerous insect orders which pose serious threats to crop productivity, including Coleoptera, Lepedoptera and Hemiptera. The program is based on the utilization of Evogene’s unique predictive computational discovery platform and proprietary metagenomics data, at its research facilities in Israel. The predicted genes were then validated at Evogene’s R&D site in St. Louis. This approach has already resulted in genes displaying initial insecticidal activity against major crop pests, with several genes at the later stages of discovery, and includes today’s advancement of EVO30495 into Phase-I.

Additionally, for the first time Evogene has identified a set of genes displaying initial toxic activity against another major pest, the southern green stinkbug. The discovery of toxin gene traits against stinkbug is particularly significant, as there are currently no commercially available insect control seed trait solutions for this major pest in soybean and other crops.

Evogene is advancing into Phase-I a gene, EVO30495, displaying high potency against Western corn rootworm, which is a major pest in corn. EVO30495 has met all of the phase advancement criteria, including efficacy and initial estimation of lower risk of toxicity to other organisms such as bees, animals and humans. Phase-I will include introduction of the gene into corn, followed by greenhouse experiments and further validation activities; initial results are anticipated within 1-2 years.

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Nanomaterials Global Market Is Expected To Reach $19.83B by 2022: study

Biofuels Digest - Mon, 06/26/2017 - 6:06pm

In New York, Stratistics MRC has released a report projecting that the Global Nanomaterials Market accounted for $4.79 billion in 2015 and is expected to reach $19.83 billion by 2022 growing at a CAGR of 22.5% from 2015 to 2022. The nanomaterials market is favoured by the governmental funding to support the prospective growth. The increasing applications of nanotechnology across various verticals and advent of novel methods for nanostructures fabrication are offering lucrative opportunities for vendors in the market. Partnerships & strategic alliances by existing players, growing number of players operating in the market and newer material developments are further fueling the market. However, rising environmental concerns and toxicity of nanomaterials have a negative impact on the market.

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Corn for food socially profitable, not biofuels, says new study

Biofuels Digest - Mon, 06/26/2017 - 6:04pm

In Illinois, a study from University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign published in Earth’s Future found a net “social and economic worth of food corn production” in the U.S. of $1,492 per hectare, compared with “a remarkable $10 per hectare loss for biofuel corn production”.  Lead researcher Professor Kumar wrote that “The critical zone is the permeable layer of the landscape near the surface that stretches from the top of the vegetation down to the groundwater…the human energy and resource input involved in agriculture production alters the composition of the critical zone, which we are able to convert into a social cost.”

The analysis developed a model to calculte what they saw as the economic and environmental impact of using the resources required for both food and fuel applications of corn.

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President Trump re-affirms Administration support for biofuels in two Iowa speeches

Biofuels Digest - Mon, 06/26/2017 - 5:52pm

In Iowa, in remarks to Iowa ag leaders at Kirkwood Community College and again at his Cedar Rapids rally, President Donald Trump reiterated his support for American renewable fuels.  His remarks come as several issues vital to the future of renewable fuels are pending within his administration.

At Kirkwood the President said:

“We’re here today to talk about how we’re going to empower America’s farmers and protect our nation’s proud farming legacy, including ethanol, which I’ve done. Family farmers are the backbone of America, and my administration will always support the farmer. We want to eliminate the intrusive rules that undermine your ability to earn a living, and we will protect the corn-based ethanol and biofuels that power our country. And you remember, during the campaign, I made that promise.”

At Cedar Rapids the President said:

“We’re saving your ethanol industry in the state of Iowa just like I promised I would do in my campaign. And believe me, they are under siege. I said that I was going to protect your ethanol for good reason, only for good reason, and it was very important to me. I said that I was going to do things for the people of Iowa. And I want to let you know, I’ve done it for the people of Iowa, but I’ve really done it for the people of our country. Our country is getting stronger. It’s getting better. We’re going to be setting records in so many different ways.”

Iowa Renewable Fuels Association Executive Director Monte Shaw commented,

“Now it is time for action. President Trump’s EPA needs to release the proposed Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) volumes for 2018. That proposal needs to maintain ethanol levels at the statutory 15 billion gallons and should include a major boost in the biodiesel number to reflect reality in the marketplace. The Trump EPA needs to knock down the summertime barrier standing between consumers and lower-cost, higher-octane E15.  The Trump trade team needs to continue standing by the biodiesel industry in fighting against unfair and illegally subsidized imports that shut down US biodiesel plants. And President Trump and his new Ambassador to China, Iowa’s own Terry Branstad, must knock down the illegal barriers China has thrown up to keep out American ethanol and distillers grains.

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Ethanol from thin air advances with catalyst breakthrough

Biofuels Digest - Mon, 06/26/2017 - 5:50pm

In California, Stanford University scientists reported on a promising technology to make renewable ethanol from water, carbon dioxide and electricity delivered through a copper catalyst. The results are published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). For the PNAS study, the Stanford team chose three samples of crystalline copper, known as copper (100), copper (111) and copper (751). Scientists use these numbers to describe the surface geometries of single crystals. The study was also written by co-lead author Toru Hatsukade, Drew Higgins and Stephanie Nitopi at Stanford; Youn-Geun Kim at SLAC; and Jack Baricuatro and Manuel Soriaga at the California Institute of Technology.

Scientists would like to design copper catalysts that selectively convert carbon dioxide into higher-value chemicals and fuels, like ethanol and propanol, with few or no byproducts. But first they need a clear understanding of how these catalysts actually work. That’s where the recent findings come in.

“Copper (100), (111) and (751) look virtually identical but have major differences in the way their atoms are arranged on the surface,” said Christopher Hahn, an associate staff scientist at SLAC and co-lead lead author of the study. “The essence of our work is to understand how these different facets of copper affect electrocatalytic performance.”

Ultimately, the Stanford team would like to develop a technology capable of selectively producing carbon-neutral fuels and chemicals at an industrial scale.

“The eye on the prize is to create better catalysts that have game-changing potential by taking carbon dioxide as a feedstock and converting it into much more valuable products using renewable electricity or sunlight directly,” Jaramillo said. “We plan to use this method on nickel and other metals to further understand the chemistry at the surface. We think this study is an important piece of the puzzle and will open up whole new avenues of research for the community.”

Jaramillo also serves at deputy director of the SUNCAT Center for Interface Science and Catalysis, a partnership of the Stanford School of Engineering and SLAC.

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In search of lowest cost hydrocarbons: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Global Bioenergies

Biofuels Digest - Mon, 06/26/2017 - 1:30pm

Global Bioenergies is a pioneer in the development of one-step fermentation processes for the direct and cost-efficient transformation of renewable resources into light olefin hydrocarbons, the key building blocks of the petrochemical industry. Since inception, the company focused its efforts on the production of isobutene, one of the most important petrochemical building blocks that can be converted into fuels, plastics, organic glass and elastomers.

CEO Marc Delcourt gave this illuminating overview of the company’s progress and promise at ABLC 2017 in Washington DC.

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Aux Farms, Citoyens! France’s Bioeconomy Plan is a stirring call to action on jobs, climate, innovation

Biofuels Digest - Mon, 06/26/2017 - 12:45pm

It took a long time, but France in the past year published a national bioeconomy strategy and its national government has approved it. It’s here in full form.

We’re publishing a digested version today not only as  summary of activities in France (and its extensive bioeconomy resources, industrial base and technical innovation level), but as a model of what a cogent national strategy can look like.

The 4 Guiding Goals

Good jobs and good products while preserving resources for the long term — France sums up it’s four goals this way:

1. To guarantee food security and acceptable living standards for present and future generations by preserving natural resources and ecosystem functions in habitats
2. Efficient, resilient and circular, productive for the long term
3. Focused on its citizens and with local roots, A bioeconomy that contributes to the development of economic value and jobs
4. Providing innovative, effective and affordable solutions able to meet the diversity of human needs

The Challenge of rising population and emissions

The Plan focuses on “new modes of production and consumption that are, at one and the same time, more efficient, resilient and compatible with the planet’s limits and mechanisms” — citing the The Paris Agreement on to limit climate change to “well below 2°c”, and noting the “crucial issue of global food security and the particular vulnerability of food production systems,” given an “outlook is for a human population of over nine billion by 2050” and a shift to more protein in the diet.

The Good News

The Plan states the bioeconomy’s role as central to the changes that must come: “The use of bioresources… offers opportunities for our economy. It can contribute to greater food sovereignty and the restoration of our trade balance, as well as creating value-added, thereby reinforcing the dynamism of rural areas and developing employment.”

30% of France’s overall emission target

France’s goal is to reduce its emissions of 500m co2 equivalent tonnes (as of 2103) to around 325m co2 equivalent tonnes by 2030. The Plan anticipates that as much as 30% of this reduction could come from the bioeconomy, in four ways.
1. replacement of products of fossil origin by products derived from bioresources: 40mt of co2 per year by 2030 and storage of 5mt of co2 per year;
2.  the potential emissions reduction in the farming industry considered achievable by 2030 (notably by encouraging changes in
3. Farming methods and energy self-sufficiency based on methanisation, for example) would be in the region of 10-15mt;
4. a 20 % reduction in food waste by 2030 would avoid emissions of 10mt co2eq/year.

The 22 steps towards realizing the bioeconomy potential

In all, France identified 22 steps under 6 categories of action relating to co-operation, production, environment, innovation, and dialogue.

Making bioeconomy products a market reality
1. Raising the profile of innovative bioeconomy products
2. Clarifying and highlighting the positive externalities of biobased products
3. Making use of public procurement for biobased products

Supporting the transition to a high-performance, innovative and sustainable biobased industry 
4. Fostering industrial ecology through synergy in uses of bioresources and the factors of production
5. Developing novel, flexible production systems suited to the resources used
6. Rolling out industrial activities
7. Fostering dialogue between farming, forestry and fisheries upstream and processing industry operators

Producing bioresources sustainably to meet the needs of all bioeconomy value chains
8. Improving and sharing our knowledge of the resources and their uses
9. Producing and using more bioresources
10. Using bioresources and seeking the best possible organization

Guaranteeing a sustainable bioeconomy
11. A competitive bioeconomy works in synergy with natural mechanisms
12. The development of the bioeconomy has a major regional component
13. A productive and competitive bioeconomy is founded on sustainable production
14. The bioeconomy must make use of environmental impact assessments

Building a dialogue with society for a shared bioeconomy
15. Informing and engaging the actors
16. Organizing debate to ensure informed decisions

Innovation for a high+performance bioeconomy
17, Understanding and assisting changes in global food systems
18. Continuing research efforts to develop outlets for chemicals, materials and energy
19. Supporting research for more sustainable production systems and biomass adaptation
20. Making use of research for a regionally integrated bioeconomy and sharing value
21. Successfully combining and evaluating multiple innovations in meta-systems
22. Using research to support bioeconomy training

Defining an action plan

At the heart of the plan, four action stages.

Stage 1. A broad survey of measures linked to each of the six core themes, making a distinction between what has been done and what might be done. This inventory will be based on previous discussions or on new contacts if necessary.

Stage 2. Prioritization of the measures listed and preparation of datasheets for the new measures. the datasheets for measures must contain:

• a description of the measure and the timetable for its implementation;
• the targets and the means for measuring how far they have been achieved;
• an evaluation of the impacts on existing systems and the solutions for limiting negative effects;
• the links with existing measures and supplementary measures that can be added;
• the individual in charge of the measure, along with the partners and the resources deployed;
• distribution to all economic sectors of information on targets and methods;
• organization of monitoring, ex-post evaluation and feedback.

Stage 3. Tracking the action plan based on efforts to link up with schemes already in place and contributing to it (e.g. Strategic sector contracts) and specific tracking of new measures.

Trans-Europe and international partnership

The French bioeconomy plan takes into account the European Commission’s 2012 strategy: “innovating for sustainable growth: a bioeconomy for Europe” and four initiatives that have flowed from that.

The plan notes that “France’s active participation in EU and international policymaking…will make it possible to advocate French views in all these bodies and, reciprocally, to enrich national thinking based on the experience of partner countries.” The plan’s authors envisage four steps for European co-operation:

1. formation of several working groups in the standing committee on agricultural research (scar) in dg research.
2. the setting up of the European bioeconomy observatory, backed by a panel of experts.
3. formation of an expert group on biobased products as part of the Lead Market Initiative in order to underpin their development.
4. the launch of a public-private partnership associating the European Commission with a consortium of manufacturers, involving €1 billion of public money and €2.7bn in private-sector funding.

The goals are to:

1. benchmark the various European strategies,
2. set up a network of french actors engaged in the bioeconomy at European level in close conjunction with the strategy committee,
3. play an active role in European proceedings and consultations.

At the international level, the plan aims at co-ordinating with the International Energy Agency, the UN Environment Program and the FAO.

The role of IAR

No note about the French bioeconomy would be complete without noting the role of the IAR bioeconomy cluster and associated projects. For 10 years, IAR has been supporting more than 210 projects for a total investment of €1,5 billion. Five examples of IAR projects are:

1. BBI – biobased industries joint undertaking (http://www.bbi-europe.eu). AIR is a board member of the BBIju
2. IMPROVE – plant based proteins (http://www.improve-innov.com/en)
3. PIVERT – oilseed biorefining (http://www.institut-pivert.com)
4. FUTUROL – ligno-cellulosic ethanol (http://www.projetfuturol.com)
5. BIO-LIC – overcoming hurdles for industrial biotechnology (http://www.industrialbiotech-europe.eu/)

More on the story

You can view The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to the French bioeconomy here.

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