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Today's News

RSB helping with aviation fuel roadmap for Ethiopia

Biofuels Digest - Sat, 10/06/2018 - 9:33am

In Switzerland, the Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials is helping develop an aviation fuel roadmap for Ethiopia. RSB’s Executive Director Rolf Hogan attended a series of meetings in Addis Ababa to take forward the initiative that was launched at the Aviation Biofuel Summit in March 2018. Shortly after the Summit, Ethiopia transitioned to a new Prime Minister who has initiated a series of democratic and economic reforms.

The Minister for Pubic Enterprise and the Minister for Mining Petroleum and Natural Gas reaffirmed their commitment to supporting the development of the roadmap as did Ethiopian Airlines and the Ministry of Industry. An RSB team also visited ethanol facilities and sugarcane out-growers as part of the development of RSB regional indicators for Ethiopia. The indicators should be finalized in October and will support the development of Ethiopian legislation as well as facilitating certification.

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German biodiesel exports hit record high

Biofuels Digest - Sat, 10/06/2018 - 9:31am

In Germany, UFOP reports that in the first half year of 2018, German biodiesel exports climbed considerably. Demand from the U.S., but also from Sweden and Austria, increased sharply.

In the first six months of 2018, German exports of biodiesel surged more than 14 per cent to 877,000 tonnes compared to the year-earlier period. Just less than 88 per cent of this tonnage was marketed within the EU-28. This was up 7.5 from the year-earlier period. The Netherlands remained the primary recipient country of German biodiesel despite a 10 per cent decline in imports to 288,800 tonnes. By contrast, Poland’s orders for biodiesel of 121,800 tonnes were up around one fourth from the first half year of 2017. Quadrupling its imports, Austria outpaced Belgium and moved into third place, although Belgium more than doubled its biodiesel imports. However, the US recorded the biggest growth in imports, absorbing 54,670 tonnes. In same period in 2017, US imports were extremely low at 67 tonnes. According to Agrarmarkt Informations-Gesellschaft (mbH), Sweden and Switzerland also imported considerably more German biodiesel than in the reference period. By contrast, biodiesel shipments to France, the Czech Republic and very especially Denmark declined. Demand from Denmark crashed 72 per cent to around 17,600 tonnes.

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Ethanol production thins out slightly at 1.4% less than prior week

Biofuels Digest - Sat, 10/06/2018 - 9:30am

In Washington, D.C., ethanol production averaged 1.015 million barrels per day (b/d)—or 42.63 million gallons daily – output tightening by 21,000 b/d, dropping 2.0% under the prior week, according to government data released and analyzed by the Renewable Fuels Association.

The four-week average for ethanol production receded to a 20-week low of 1.031 million b/d for an annualized rate of 15.81 billion gallons. Stocks of ethanol shot up 3.5% to a 28-week high of 23.4 million barrels. There were zero ethanol imports recorded for the fourth consecutive week. (Weekly export data for ethanol is not reported simultaneously; the latest export data is as of July 2018.)

Average weekly gasoline demand bounced to 9.102 million barrels (382.3 million gallons) daily, up 1.3%. This is equivalent to 139.53 billion gallons annualized. Refiner/blender input of ethanol followed gasoline demand, rising 1.8% to 917,000 b/d. That is equivalent to 14.06 billion gallons annualized. Expressed as a percentage of daily gasoline demand, daily ethanol production slid to 11.15%.

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Improving poplar biomass production under stress conditions

Biofuels Digest - Sat, 10/06/2018 - 9:27am

In California, researchers at UC Davis are stressing out poplar plants on purpose by elevating temperatures, lowering water access and seeing how they can redesign poplar to withstand the added stresses. Poplar provides a fast-growing woody feedstock for biofuels and the rising frequency of these stressful periods inspires a race to find more tolerant plants. The collaborative group of researchers is redesigning poplar, a bioenergy crop, based on its specific genome in just a few years. The field study is still a couple years away, because the project is now only nearing the end of its first year.

“We are bringing together cell biologists, molecular biologists, physiologists and a national lab in a common effort,” says plant biologist Eduardo Blumwald, the lead principal investigator and a distinguished professor of cell biology at UC Davis. “This is a multi-disciplinary approach, and I think that this is the most important element.”

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Trump could make E15 announcement at Tuesday Iowa campaign event

Biofuels Digest - Sat, 10/06/2018 - 9:25am

In Washington, D.C., Bloomberg sources say that President Trump may make Iowa voters very happy on Tuesday with the possible announcement at a campaign event near Council Bluffs, Iowa, of year-round sales of E15. The discussions come amid two sides pulling at the Trump administration – biofuel producers, farmers and Midwest politicians who are pushing for the pro-biofuel changes versus the Rust Belt’s oil and refiners who don’t want the changes made in order to protect oil and petroleum interests.

Senator Joni Ernst, a Republican from Iowa, told Bloomberg that a formal commitment to unleash E15 is an important victory for Iowa. According to Bloomberg, “the move could calm corn and soybean farmers fretting about low commodity prices and Chinese tariffs on crop shipments. It also could help two Iowa Republicans locked in competitive races to keep their seats: Governor Kim Reynolds and Representative David Young. Both have pressed Trump on E15.”

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UPM’s good news bear brings completed EIA on Kotka Biorefinery and more

Biofuels Digest - Sat, 10/06/2018 - 9:19am

We all love positive news stories and when the good news bear arrives, we take notice. Good news makes your heart sing, your soul feel hopeful, and those good ole’ endorphins and dopamine receptors explode with glee.

So to ward off the Monday blues, we bring you the ‘good news bear,’ brought to you by UPM with their recent flurry of joyful news.

UPM received some exciting news last week from consultancy company Pöyry about their Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for UPM’s possible Kotka Biorefinery in Finland. Not only has the EIA been completed and submitted to the “authorities” for their final conclusions, it offers rave reviews of the biorefinery saying it would have substantial positive impacts such as increasing utilization of wastes and residues as well as decreases in greenhouse gas emissions.

According to the EIA, the decrease of the greenhouse gas emissions achieved by the biorefinery would be as much as 16% of the greenhouse gas emissions generated by Finnish road traffic – equivalent to three times the greenhouse gas emissions of a city the size of Helsinki. How’s that for some good news?

If realized, the UPM Kotka Biorefinery would also have a very positive effect on the Kotka region’s economic life and finances indeed. Good news on top of good news!

According to UPM, “the EIA is part of the approximately year-long pre-study phase for the Kotka Biorefinery, looking at the feasibility of the project. EU and national policies on biofuels will also play an important role in the final assessment of this possible investment. The final conclusions of the authorities for the EIA are expected in the beginning of next year.”

Check out UPM’s Strategic Transformation: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to UPM, the Biofore company to get more details on UPM’s plans to become a major player in high quality, advanced biofuels for transport and their innovative wood-based biofuels and production technologies.

Biorefinery Background

The UPM Kotka Biorefinery would produce approximately 500,000 tons of advanced biofuels made from sustainable raw materials for use in the road transport, marine and aviation sectors. The biorefinery’s products could also be used for replacing fossil raw materials in the chemical industry.

The proposed site is in the area of a dismantled power plant formerly run by the Pohjolan Voima energy company.

The Yin and Yang of EIA

So it can’t all be good news right? After all, we need the yin to go with the yang, but in this case there isn’t much to counter balance the good news.

The Environmental Impact Assessment states that the UPM Kotka Biorefinery is feasible, and the possible environmental impacts can be limited by the means stated in the assessment. If the biorefinery goes ahead, the main environmental impacts will be caused by increased traffic and changes in the landscape. Even for ‘bad’ news, it really isn’t that bad since there are ways to deal with the traffic and landscape changes that would come with any biorefinery.

And remember, the renewable and sustainable raw materials and efficient processes of the possible Kotka Biorefinery enable significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions compared to fossil-based fuels and products. That’s a pretty strong yang or “sunny side” to the yin or “dark side”.

Busy Bear

Not only is UPM bringing us the good news bear today, it has been for a while.

Just a few weeks ago, UPM was recognized as a Global Compact LEAD company for its strong engagement to the United Nations Global Compact, as reported in The Digest. The recognition was addressed to only 34 global companies at the Global Compact Leaders Summit in New York and recognized companies like Unilever, Nestle S.A., BASF SE and L’Oreal – making UPM listed with some nice company.

“Being among the 34 world’s leading companies in sustainability is an outstanding recognition for the work UPM has done in the area of responsible business conduct,” said Pirkko Harrela, Executive Vice President, Stakeholder Relations, UPM. “We have had the LEAD status since January 2016 when we were invited for the first time to this distinguished network as the only forest industry company and also as the first Finnish company ever.”

UPM Biofuels’ continuous efforts for a more sustainable supply chain and operations was also recognized by the world’s first RSB (Roundtable of Sustainable Biomaterials) low ILUC (indirect land use change) risk certification, as reported in The Digest in April. The certificate was received for crude tall oil, the feedstock used for UPM BioVerno renewable fuels production at the Lappeenranta Biorefinery in Finland, and for UPM’s cultivation of the Brassica carinata oil crop in Uruguay.

The RSB low ILUC risk certification is an additional proof of sustainability for UPM Biofuels, showing that the company’s use of crude tall oil and Brassica carinata oil for biofuels production has a low risk of causing indirect emissions elsewhere. The low ILUC risk RSB certification places UPM Biofuels’ raw materials, crude tall oil and Brassica carinata oil in the category of most sustainable feedstocks.

The ‘Beary’ Bottom Line

All this good news is making us giddy, but in all seriousness, UPM is rockin’ it with how serious they are taking the sustainability aspects of what they do. The RSB certification, the EIA study, the UN Global Compact recognition…it means they are doing the right things. They are a Care Bear and a Good News Bear all in one…maybe they should change their logo from the griffin and guardian of the northern forests to a bear? Since the griffin logo is the oldest continuous company logo in Finland, we doubt it, but we digress…

Back to the amazing things UPM is doing…it even makes economic sense. With Finland set to boost its use of biofuels to 54% by 2030 including double counting for fuels produced from forestry waste like UPM’s, the company could provide 30% of Finland’s diesel demand and achieve the mandate, as reported in The Digest in February 2017. With that, we foresee more to come from UPM’s good news bear, or griffin.

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Bioindustrial Innovation Canada partners with Italian green chemistry cluster

Biofuels Digest - Thu, 10/04/2018 - 6:54pm

In Canada, Bioindustrial Innovation Canada (BIC) and the Sustainable Processes and Resources for Innovation and National Growth (SPRING) have signed a memorandum of understanding.

The Italian Technology Cluster of Green Chemistry (SPRING) is a non-profit association founded by the initiative of four founding members: Biochemtex, Novamont, Versalis and Federchimica, the Italian Federation of Chemical industry. SPRING members all operate in the bioeconomy sector in various ways and represent the whole Italian industry of ‘green’ chemistry.

This partnership aims to work together in the field of research and development and further implementation of novel high-tech projects, including technologies in the area of conversion of biomass and renewable raw materials into value-added bio-based products.

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EU starch producers to look towards bioplastics as hopes for isoglucose demand sink

Biofuels Digest - Thu, 10/04/2018 - 6:53pm

In Belgium, StarchEurope told FoodNavigator that the European starch industry will start looking towards innovations such as bioplastics in an effort to compensate for the lack of isoglucose demand expected when EU sugar quotas ended last October. Global sugar prices have weighed heavily on European prices which are below the cheapest starches. The association says that low oil prices have hampered development of bioplastics in the past but as those prices increase, demand will return.

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Rapeseed-based biodiesel hits four-year high on tight smaller feedstock harvest

Biofuels Digest - Thu, 10/04/2018 - 6:52pm

In Germany, as Europe starts to shift into winter and the need for rapeseed-based winter spec biodiesel, Platts reports that rapeseed-based biodiesel has reached a four-year high at $1,135.50/mt FOB ARA on the back of smaller-than-expected rapeseed harvests the summer. Crushing margins are the best seen in five years at around $250/mt for prompt delivery which hit a $264/mt premium over FAME 0 this week. In the meantime, the European industry is still waiting on a decision from the European Commission as to whether or not it will apply fresh tariffs to Argentine biodiesel imports.

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Uttar Pradesh greenlights six biofuels projects worth $230 million

Biofuels Digest - Thu, 10/04/2018 - 6:50pm

In India, the Business Standard reports that Uttar Pradesh government has approved six proposals for commercial scale biofuel investments worth a total of $230 million, including SunLight Fuels’ $210 million project to produce 175,000 liters per day of drop-in fuel from sugarcane bagasse. An unnamed Dutch company will provide the technology while the bagasse will likely be sourced from Burla group’s sugar mill located near to the project site in Sitapur. The other projects will use various kinds of agro waste to produce biofuels and biogas.

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Former Keystone Biofuels executive please guilty to tax credit fraud

Biofuels Digest - Thu, 10/04/2018 - 6:49pm

In Pennsylvania, David Tielle, who served as Director Business Development at Keystone Biofuels Inc. (Keystone), pleaded guilty Wednesday in federal court to one count of conspiring to defraud the Internal Revenue Service. Keystone purported to be a producer and seller of biodiesel. Between 2009 and 2012, Tielle participated in a conspiracy to fraudulently claim tax refunds based on the Biodiesel Mixture Tax Credit.

As part of the conspiracy, Tielle caused inflated fuel amounts to be reported to the IRS in order to fraudulently claim tax refunds on fuel Keystone was not producing. To account for the inflated fuel amounts, Tielle created false books and records and engaged in a series of sham financial transactions intended to mirror the false books and records. Tielle also caused Keystone to fraudulently claim tax refunds on fuel that did not meet the quality standards needed to qualify for the Biodiesel Mixture Tax Credit and on fuel Keystone had not mixed with petroleum. The total loss resulting from Tielle’s conduct is approximately $4,149,983.41.

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Brazilian ethanol imports slide 88% in September as NNE crush kicks in

Biofuels Digest - Thu, 10/04/2018 - 6:48pm

In Brazil, Platts reports that September ethanol imports fell 88% from the month prior at 5.7 million liters, 95% lower than last year and the lowest since September 2015 when just 15,000 liters were imported. September imports are traditionally low due to the ongoing sugarcane crush in the center-south region and the start of the crush in the north-northeast region where most of the imports go to. The imports are traditionally supplied from the US.

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University of Michigan researchers lead $2 million DOE algae project

Biofuels Digest - Thu, 10/04/2018 - 6:47pm

In Michigan, with $2 million from the U.S. Department of Energy, University of Michigan researchers aim to make the long-touted promise of algae as a biofuel source for diesel engines into a reality.

Their goal: create biofuels that work with existing diesel engines and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 60 percent, compared with normal diesel fuels. To do that, they will work with colleagues at Penn State University on a three-year project to perform an end-to-end evaluation of how best to grow algae, transform it into a diesel fuel and maximize its performance during the combustion process.

U-M’s work will include determining combinations that lead to optimal performance in areas such as fuel yield and stability. Researchers have previously found that a combination of algal species performs better than any single species, capitalizing on the individual strengths of each strain.

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Malaysia’s bioeconomy push sees major FDI impact

Biofuels Digest - Thu, 10/04/2018 - 6:46pm

In Malaysia, the New Straits Times reports that foreign direct investment made up two-thirds of the $1.8 billion in investment in the country’s bioeconomy between 2012 and 2017. Of those projects that come under the Bioeconomy Community Development Program, 40 have been implemented as of last month including 33 biomass power plants producing 26.4GW. This additional energy capacity is said to have helped provide energy access to rural areas. The government sees the bioeconomy policy as a way to attract investment to rural areas where communities can also benefit.

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Frances Arnold wins Nobel Prize for Chemistry: Gevo, Provivi co-founder honored for directed evolution technology

Biofuels Digest - Thu, 10/04/2018 - 1:20am

In Sweden, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018 with one half to Frances H. Arnold,  Linus Pauling Professor of Chemical Engineering, Bioengineering and Biochemistry, at Caltech “for the directed evolution of enzymes”

It’s essentially a technology originally known as the Staggered Extension Process, or StEP. It’s an iterative, molecular technique that causes fragile, garden-variety proteins to evolve into usable chemical catalysts and drugs. 

Dr. Arnold is the co-founder Gevo and Provivi — technologies which spun out of her lab, and she continues to serve on the Provivi board of directors. Gene shuffling technology, which was developed in her lab, was licensed originally to Maxygen and was ultimately spun out into Codexis, which continues to use the technology as its core. She also at various times served on the scientific advisory boards of Genomatica, Amyris, Mascoma, Fluidigm, and Codexis.

The directed evolution technology

Back in 1999, Maxygen obtained an exclusive worldwide license from the CalTech for the StEP.

What does it do? As Maxygen observed back in ’99, “it improves the performance and extends the utility of enzymes and proteins. At the organism level, scientists have tried to induce the evolution of hardy microorganisms and proteins simply by subjecting organisms to harsh chemical conditions or temperature extremes and growing whatever organisms survived. Sometimes it worked, most often it did not. 

An early and very successful example of directed evolution was carried out by Arnold to produce an industrially viable enzyme that hydrolyzes a para-nitrobenzyl ester of an antibiotic By applying sequential generations of random mutagenesis, recombination, and screening, the enzyme’s catalytic efficiency was increased more than 100-fold. While yielding a powerful new catalyst for important synthetic reactions, this work demonstrated that enzymes can acquire capabilities not found in naturally occurring organisms. It also showed that these capabilities may be conferred without conventional breeding or rational protein design.

The practical applications

As Codexis observes, “in the right hands, the power of engineered proteins to solve 21st century problems in pharmaceutical, biotherapeutic, food & beverage and other industries is almost unimaginable.

By speeding up and directing the evolution of proteins, we can potentially manufacture drugs more affordably; treat diseases more effectively with new biologic therapeutics; detect cancer before tumors develop; create healthier foods less expensively; and impact a wide array of industrial markets with improved enzymes and proteins.

More about Codexis, Gevo and Provivi

Proteins and Synthetic Biology: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to Codexis

Plans for Luverne: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo

I’ll Never Find Another You: Provivi’s protecting crops by confusing pests in their search for romance

The other Nobel Laureates in this cycle.

The other half was given jointly to George P. Smith, University of Missouri, Columbia, USA and Sir Gregory P. Winter, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK “for the phage display of peptides and antibodies”.

The Nobel Committee wrote

The power of evolution is revealed through the diversity of life. The 2018 Nobel Laureates in Chemistry have taken control of evolution and used it for purposes that bring the greatest benefit to humankind. Enzymes produced through directed evolution are used to manufacture everything from biofuels to pharmaceuticals. Antibodies evolved using a method called phage display can combat autoimmune diseases and in some cases cure metastatic cancer.

Since the first seeds of life arose around 3.7 billion years ago, almost every crevice on Earth has filled with different organisms. Life has spread to hot springs, deep oceans and dry deserts, all because evolution has solved a number of chemical problems. Life’s chemical tools – proteins – have been optimised, changed and renewed, creating incredible diversity.

This year’s Nobel Laureates in Chemistry have been inspired by the power of evolution and used the same principles – genetic change and selection – to develop proteins that solve mankind’s chemical problems.

One half of this year’s Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded to Frances H. Arnold. In 1993, she conducted the first directed evolution of enzymes, which are proteins that catalyse chemical reactions. Since then, she has refined the methods that are now routinely used to develop new catalysts. The uses of Frances Arnold’s enzymes include more environmentally friendly manufacturing of chemical substances, such as pharmaceuticals, and the production of renewable fuels for a greener transport sector.

The other half of this year’s Nobel Prize in Chemistry is shared by George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter. In 1985, George Smith developed an elegant method known as phage display, where a bacteriophage – a virus that infects bacteria – can be used to evolve new proteins. Gregory Winter used phage display for the directed evolution of antibodies, with the aim of producing new pharmaceuticals. The first one based on this method, adalimumab, was approved in 2002 and is used for rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis and inflammatory bowel diseases. Since then, phage display has produced anti-bodies that can neutralise toxins, counteract autoimmune diseases and cure metastatic cancer.

We are in the early days of directed evolution’s revolution which, in many different ways, is bringing and will bring the greatest benefit to humankind.

Reaction from Industry

Gevo CEO Patrick R. Gruber said “This award is well deserved. Frances has been a leader in the development of enzymes.  Gevo has been the beneficiary of her good work.  She, with her research group, developed some of the critical enzymes needed for Gevo’s biological pathway to produce renewable resource-based isobutanol.  Her work helped to establish Gevo as a leader in renewable resource based chemicals and fuels.  We congratulate her on her Nobel Prize, and for co-founding Gevo.”

Prize amount

9 million Swedish krona, (around $1 million) with one half to Frances Arnold and the other half to be shared between George Smith and Gregory Winter.

Digest notes

Dr. Arnold had won almost everything you could win up to the time of this well-deserved Nobel.

To name just a few, she was inducted into the US National Academies of Science, Medicine and Engineering, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Inventors Hall of Fame. Her awards include the Charles Stark Draper Prize of the National Academy of Engineering, the Millennium Technology Prize, the National Academy of Sciences’ Sackler Prize in Convergence Research, and the US National Medal of Technology and Innovation. She also chairs the Advisory Panel of the David and Lucile Packard Foundation Fellowships in Science and Engineering.

More on the story, here.

 

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Iowa retailers team up to promote Pink at the Pump® campaign with E15

Biofuels Digest - Wed, 10/03/2018 - 4:20pm

In Iowa, more than 50 E15 retailers across the state have teamed with the National Breast Cancer Foundation (NBCF) and The Hormel Institute for October’s Pink at the Pump® campaign to fight breast cancer with cleaner-burning E15.

Participating Iowa E15 retailers will donate 3-cents of every gallon of E15 sold during the entire month of October to NBCF and The Hormel Institute to help fight breast cancer through early detection, education, support services, and research.

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KOKO Networks invests in Saarus to commercially roll out ethanol cookstoves in India

Biofuels Digest - Wed, 10/03/2018 - 4:19pm

In Kenya, KOKO Networks Ltd. announced a strategic investment in Saarus Innovations Pvt. Ltd., a product design and manufacturing company headquartered in Ahmedabad, India.

KOKO and Saarus have collaborated closely in recent years. In particular, Saarus helped design, develop and manufacture KOKO’s patent-pending bio-ethanol powered cookstove, which was commercially piloted in selected neighborhoods of Nairobi in 2017. The full commercial roll-out of KOKO’s clean fuel distribution network will commence in Kenya in 2019 in partnership with Vivo Energy (which distributes and markets Shell-branded fuels and lubricants across Africa).

One of the first investments through the expanded partnership is the development of a 60,000 sq. ft. manufacturing facility in Gujarat, India, for mass production of KOKO’s next generation bio-ethanol cookstove for export to multiple markets across Africa from early 2019.

Saarus will also support the design and commissioning of KOKO’s manufacturing facilities in Africa, starting with an assembly and maintenance unit for KOKO’s smart bio-ethanol fuel dispensers and last-mile fuel logistics systems in Nairobi, Kenya, which will commence production in late-2018.

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Tucumcari Bio-Energy seeks to revamp mothballed ethanol plant into methane

Biofuels Digest - Wed, 10/03/2018 - 4:18pm

In New Mexico, Tucumcari Bio-Energy is looking to convert its former ethanol plant in the town of Tucumcari to methane production following a successful feasibility study done with Sandia Labs. The project would use the ethanol plant’s six 55,000-gallon fermentation tanks to produce methane gas following an 18-month conversion. The company to have financing and investors online by the end of the year in order to begin conversion in early 2019. The facility expects to use manure from nearby cow feedlots and whey from a neighboring cheesemaker as feedstock.

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Growth Energy launches website to promote Unleaded 88 for E15 awareness

Biofuels Digest - Wed, 10/03/2018 - 4:17pm

In Washington, Growth Energy announced the launch of a new consumer-facing website for Unleaded 88 fuel: Unl88.com. Unleaded 88 is the unified brand identify for E15 – a fuel blended with 15 percent ethanol – and is approved by the Environmental Protection Agency for cars model year 2001 and newer – about 9 out of 10 cars on the road today.

UNL88.com is an easy to navigate hub for consumers looking for more information on Unleaded 88 and its’ benefits. The website showcases the value Unleaded 88 provides – whether consumers are looking for a fuel that’s good for their engines, their wallets, or the environment – in a simple and straightforward way. Born out of a request from convenience store retailers for a unified brand identity for E15, Unleaded 88 has made its debut across the country and will be the consistent labeling at more than 80 percent of today’s E15 stations.

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Singapore port authority to invest in alternative fuel R&D

Biofuels Digest - Wed, 10/03/2018 - 4:16pm

In Singapore, the maritime and ports authority has awarded $3.6 million for research into the use of alternative fuels like ethanol and methanol for bunker fuel. The move is part of the agency’s push to comply with the International Marine Organization’s 2050 goals to cut carbon emissions from marine transport by half. The MPA has already invested $18.9 million into LNG fueling facilities at the port to help reduce emissions and sulfur content of fuels.

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