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Today's News

RME-FAME 0 spread jumps 20-fold on year to $80 per ton

Biofuels Digest - Mon, 07/30/2018 - 5:23pm

In the Netherlands, Platts reports that the spread for rapeseed-based biodiesel against FAME 0 rose to the highest level in five months at $80 per metric ton, 20 times higher than in July 2-17, due to huge stock levels for FAME 0 as imports from Argentina continue to come in and stronger RME prices. Europe’s rapeseed crop is expected to shrink significantly due to dry weather this summer, pushing up prices significantly. The European Biodiesel Board has asked for retroverted anti-dumping duties on biodiesel imports as far back as May 23 when anti-dumping duties were reversed by the European courts.

Categories: Today's News

Brazil says 2G ethanol can now compete with $70 oil

Biofuels Digest - Mon, 07/30/2018 - 5:22pm

In Brazil, Reuters reports that the local biofuel industry is sure second-generation ethanol has overcome much of its technical challenges and is now competitive with oil at $70 per barrel. Novozymes indicated that the Raizen cellulosic ethanol plant demonstrated that these glitches had been overcome at commercial scale, producing 40 million liters per year. The fuel sells at a premium to standard ethanol produced from sugarcane juice due to its increase greenhouse gas emissions reductions but even so is still competitive with $70 oil.

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Philippine coconut authority and industry calling for B5 implementation

Biofuels Digest - Mon, 07/30/2018 - 5:21pm

In the Philippines, the national coconut authority and the local industry are calling on the government to implement the B5 mandate in order to push farmgate coconut prices back about the cost of production. In some remote areas, prices have fallen below the cost of production, damaging rural economies and poor families. To implement the B5 mandate would require 360 million liters of coconut methyl ester or about 450,000 metric tons of coconut copra for feedstock.

Categories: Today's News

The 40 Hottest Transformative Technologies in the Bioeconomy: Nominations open

Biofuels Digest - Mon, 07/30/2018 - 11:55am
Who will be #1? who will get your vote? 

In Florida, The Digest announced the official opening of nominations for the 40 Hottest Transformative Technologies in the Advanced Bioeconomy. Nominate your favorite technologies here.

Labs, here’s your chance to shine

Whether the development is at a commercial company, academic lab, private or national lab, a private inventor, or a consortium comprising multiple partners, this is an opportunity to shine a light on great technologies created or advanced by your team — from the earliest stage on the bench to finished technologies ready for commercialization through spin-out or licensing.


Any technology — a complete process, a component, a subprocess, a metabolic pathway, a computational system, a sensor, a control, a high-performing organism, a protective technology — in short, any technology that contributes to the advanced bioeconomy is eligible for recognition — regardless of stage of development, although voters are likely to give more weight to proven technologies than good ideas.

Nominations — You Gotta Be in It, To Win It

Each technology that receives a nomination will be included on the ballot. Nominations will remain open through Friday, September 7th at 5pm ET.

Note: No company has yet made it into the Rankings as a write-in. So, nomination is virtually essential for a good result. “You have to be in it to win it.” so make sure you nominate the companies you are a fan of.
and you can nominate right here.

Nominee Examples

Our friends at the University of Minnesota have highlighted several new technologies this year that are excellent examples of potential nominees.

Biochar Absorbs Phosphates and Phosphate-Containing Herbicides and Pesticides (Organophosphates)
A technology to convert corn stover to an environmentally friendly biochar absorbent that removes phosphate and phosphate containing herbicides and pesticides from contaminated water such as agricultural run-off.

New Process for Converting Scum Oil and Waste Oil to Biodiesel
A technology to convert waste fatty acids such as floating grease and oil scums from wastewater treatment plants into ASTM grade biofuels. This technology can be used to convert waste vegetable oils such as cooking oil to ASTM grade biodiesel as well.

Malic Acid Based Polymers with Tunable Recycling Pathways
a polymer technology that provides two different recycling pathways for generating many unique polymers with a range of useful properties.

Versatile Biocatalyst System for Synthesizing Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals and Food Ingredients
a technology that makes possible biosynthesis of chemicals, pharmaceuticals or food ingredients difficult or impossible to synthesize chemically or development of diagnosis/detection kits or tools that require multiple-enzyme reactions (for industrial, scientific, medical and/or environmental purposes)

Nominate technologies here.

You can nominate a technology here. Voting will be open to all registered subscribers of the Digest who will have 50 percent of the vote. The Digest’s international panel of Due Diligence experts, also known as The Wolfpack, will review nominated technologies and represent the other 50 percent of the vote.

Voting period

Voting will begin September 11th and continue through 5pm ET, Friday, October 19th, 2018.

The Hot Party: Announcement of Hot 40 results at ABLC Global in San Francisco on November 8, 2018

The Hot 40 rankings will be announced at ABLC Global in San Francisco on November 8, 2018 at 6pm PT, and we will honor the technologists and the organizations responsible — companies, suppliers, industrial partners, investors and more at the annual Hot Party in San Francisco.

Write-in votes

All technologies that registered for the  Hot 40 Rankings are included in the Official Ballot, but if there is a deserving technology that did not register for the Official Ballot, selectors are welcome to cast a write-in vote for that company.

Voting criteria

Voters may judge for themselves what makes a technology “hot”. In our view, we believe that “hot” represents an ideal blend of visibility and credibility. Technologies that are substantive but unknown may be credible, but they are not hot. Likewise, technologies that are widely-known but hyped are visible, but not hot. Hot is not the same as “best” nor is it the same as “most popular” and the Rankings are neither intended to be a popularity contest nor a qualitative rating system.

Prohibited voting practices

Voters may not attempt to spam the ballot box through deceptive practices, nor may individuals or organizations organize spam balloting efforts. The Digest reserves the right to reject any ballot it deems to be the product of a spamming campaign or to cancel all ballots from that voter, or remove a company from the competition and such a determination will be made in the Digest’s sole discretion, and its decision is final.

In general, any practice designed to prevent a fair ballot is prohibited, and may result in the suspension of a company from the Rankings or the cancellation of any and all ballots which the Digest, in its sole discretion, deems to be tainted.

Permitted voting practices

Companies or individuals may exhort selectors to vote for a deserving technology — campaigning for a Hot 40 ranking is encouraged so long as the voting itself is fair and ethical. Yes, voters are permitted to vote for technologies they are personally, directly or indirectly, affiliated with.

Categories: Today's News

High Performance Fuels & Vehicles, both: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to DOE’s Co-Optima Project and HP fuels

Biofuels Digest - Mon, 07/30/2018 - 8:22am

The US Department of Energy has a key project called Co-Optima, which aims to determine key fuel properties that enable improved engine efficiency, provide key science to enable high efficiency combustion modes, and capitalize on unique properties available from bio-blendstocks.

Within that project is an emphasis on high-performance fuels, that has a goal to develop fuel chemistry-fuel property-engine performance relationships, and determine new fuel options afforded by bio-derived fuels, including conversion pathways, for more efficient engines with lower harmful emissions, and generate market pull for biofuels through co-optimization.

We’ve consolidated two illuminating presentations from the BioEnergy Technologies Offices on Co-Optima, the first from the Market Transformation team led by Doug Longman and one from Jennifer Dunn that analyzes sustainability, economics and risk at scale.

Categories: Today's News

“There’s no place like home” grown sorghum

Biofuels Digest - Sun, 07/29/2018 - 1:56pm

Sorghum sights are set high with EPA approval and recent genetic improvements

The next time they re-make the Wizard of Oz movie, you might just see sorghum growing in the fields along the yellow brick road, thanks to sorghum’s big win last week when the U.S. EPA opened up pathways for sorghum oil to become renewable fuels. This home-grown feedstock has had its challenges, but a huge one – not being EPA approved for biofuel pathways – can now be crossed off the list, making it one step closer to ‘Wizard of Oz’ status.

Sorghum is a grass grown in many places and regions around the world, but also is increasingly being grown in states like Kansas, Colorado and Nebraska. In the past, it’s been used mostly as grain feed for animals and humans alike, but lately has been getting some attention for its viability in the biofuels, specifically biodiesel, market. Researchers are finding new ways to get more sorghum per acre and other improvements with the feedstock, including genetic modification. In fact, as reported in The Digest in October 2017, sorghum was reaching a somewhat stardom status with a huge $16 million grant from the U.S. Department of Energy.

But one thing still stood in its way…the RFS. Sorghum oil just couldn’t meet RFS requirements and wasn’t approved as a pathway for renewable fuels…until now. The EPA found that GHG emissions were low enough when sorghum fuel is burned to meet RFS requirements. EPA Acting Administrator Andrew Wheeler signed the final pathway alongside Sens. Jerry Moran and Deb Fisher, Rep. Roger Marshall, the National Sorghum Producers, and the American Farm Bureau Federation.

According to the statement released by the EPA, Wheeler said this move means more than having another biofuel and that “Today’s approval sets the stage for more homegrown fuels under the Renewable Fuel Standard and adds diversity to our mix of biofuels in the U.S. This is a win for American sorghum farmers and biofuel producers alike.”

“USDA welcomes this decision by EPA that biofuel made from sorghum oil qualifies for advanced biofuel and biomass-based diesel designation under the RFS,” U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue said. “This decision recognizes the environmental benefits of home-grown renewable energy and will create new markets for agricultural commodities.”

Why the big deal? This newly approved feedstock is estimated to produce around 21 million gallons providing flexibility in meeting volume standards of the RFS program. It also adds diversity to the biofuel mix in the country.

Kansas…there’s no place like home

So who will benefit the most by this new acceptance by the EPA? Most likely Kansas since it produces the most sorghum of any state in the U.S. and government representatives from what is also known as the sunflower state were pretty darn excited about the EPA approval for sorghum. Here’s what some of them had to say:

“Kansas farmers are hurting – low commodity prices and falling farm revenue have made it increasingly difficult for producers to make ends meet,” said Senator Jerry Moran (KS). “Approving the pathway is long past due, and I applaud Administrator Wheeler for acting quickly to finalize the pathway after assuming leadership of the agency. It is critical for EPA to recognize the challenges faced by farmers and ranchers and to make certain it pursues biofuel policies that will benefit rural America.”

“This announcement is big for our producers back home. This pathway has been a top issue for our office since I came to Washington. Kansas is the top sorghum producing state in the country; I am elated the EPA has finalized the long-awaited biofuels pathway for Grain Sorghum Oil. This pathway is crucial to not only our sorghum producers, but also our biofuels plants, and our rural economy. Farmers can use all the relief they can get in the midst of growing uncertainty in global markets,” said Representative Roger Marshal (KS-1).

“Kansas produces more sorghum than any other state in the nation,” said Kansas Farm Bureau President Rich Felts. “The opportunity to add value to those bushels is critical to our farmers and could not be more timely as we seek any and all methods to balance the books in a tough agricultural climate.”

National Sorghum Producers, an organization that represents U.S. sorghum producers, were also pretty stoked about the news. “This pathway for sorghum oil reaches far beyond the farmer,” said Tom Willis, NSP board director and CEO of Conestoga Energy. “This is an avenue for creating jobs in rural America we so desperately need, and it helps provide energy security from a renewable water-conserving source.”

According to NSP, “in addition to the nine ethanol producers already extracting oil from sorghum, several other facilities will now be able to purchase and use sorghum. The pathway also makes possible additional investments in fuel infrastructure in the Sorghum Belt.”

Bottom Line

This super sorghum stardom news is even more exciting considering the headway made in the last 6 or 8 months by researchers and companies that are delving into sorghum and making new strides.

Just last week, as reported in The Digest, Indian researchers found that sorghum could be used in existing sugarcane mills to produce ethanol and co-generated power without having to make any adaptations, allowing farmers and mills to switch to the more water efficient crop.

In May, New York based Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory found that a simple genetic modification can triple the grain number of sorghum. In December 2017, University of Florida researchers found three sorghum varieties that could produce 1,000 gallons per acre making its future as a biofuel feedstock even brighter, as reported in The Digest.

Sorghum is expected to become even more mainstream in the U.S. thanks to the trade war with China. As reported in The Digest in April, China imposed a 179% duty on U.S. sorghum imports which sent sorghum prices falling in the U.S. when sorghum farmers all of a sudden were left with tons of sorghum with little China-based demand. The good news is it has given ethanol producers in states like Kansas and others a great discounted deal for the feedstock.

With the latest EPA approval opening up sorghum as a pathway for biofuels, there is no end in sight for sorghum along the yellow brick road.


Categories: Today's News

Red Rock Biofuels facility breaks ground in Lakeview

Biofuels Digest - Sun, 07/29/2018 - 1:49pm

In Oregon, Red Rock Biofuels broke ground on the $320 million renewable fuels facility last week, a step forward towards taking woody biomass waste and converting it to an estimated 15 million gallons of jet fuel. After seven years in progress, the groundbreaking provided a monumental day for Red Rock and those who have contracts with them like Federal Express and Southwest Airlines. The Lakeview facility will be the first of its kind to utilize woody biomass for its raw materials and fuel deliveries are expected to begin by December 2019.

“This is a monumental day for Southwest,” Michael AuBuchon, fuel supply chain director for Southwest Airlines told Herald and News. “Red Rock will help us make our environmental goals as we have a continuous eye to reduce our carbon footprint. This facility is key to our strategy.”

“This bio-refinery marks a turning point,” said Red Rock Chief Financial Officer Jeff Manternach. “It will help this mill town continue to be a place where things are made, and it will combat global climate change. This is the first of its kind in the world, and you all made it happen. May this be the precedent for a great highway fueled by courage and innovation.”

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Fiberight facility to open in October, not September

Biofuels Digest - Sun, 07/29/2018 - 1:47pm

In Maine, Fiberight’s facility in Hampden has 72,000 square feet of concrete flooring laid down in the 144,000 square foot space which is anticipated to be installed next month. Recycling equipment is set to arrive soon as well and Fiberight expects the facility to begin processing waste in October, not September as Fiberight CEO Craig Stuart-Paul previously thought. Once fully operational in early 2019, Stuart-Paul told Bangor Daily News that it would be the largest waste-to-biofuel plant of its kind in the country and will process up to 180,000 tons of waste each year.

“I would’ve preferred we would’ve had more equipment in by now. In Maine, you have a very short construction season,” Stuart-Paul told Bangor Daily News. According to Bangor Daily News, “construction began last July, and Fiberight was supposed to begin processing waste by April 1, but the $69 million plant off Coldbrook Road was far from complete. The 115 central, northern and Down East communities that form the Municipal Review Committee and are building the Fiberight plant have been forced to landfill their waste until it comes online.”

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Crude palm oil exports decline in Indonesia

Biofuels Digest - Sun, 07/29/2018 - 1:45pm

In Indonesia, crude palm oil and its derivative products exports dropped for the first half of 2018 due to lower demand due to import tariffs. The Indonesian Palm Oil Producers Association Executive Director, Mukti Sardjono, told Xinhuanet that their data showed that the cumulative exports of the commodity by June edged off about 2 percent to 15.30 million tons. Sardjono attributed the decrease in palm oil exports to the decline of shipment to India and European Union.

The imposition of import tariff by India, and campaign on deforestation issues and scraping of policy in usage of food-based biofuel by the European Union have nudged and hemmed in the shipment of the crude palm oil and its derivative products to the nations, Sardjono told Xinhuanet. Exports to China, the U.S. Pakistan, the Middle East and Bangladesh increased however.

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Scott Richman Joins RFA as Chief Economist

Biofuels Digest - Sun, 07/29/2018 - 1:42pm

In Washington, D.C., Scott Richman is joining the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) in early August as its chief economist and will lead the development and execution of a wide range of research and analysis initiatives to support the RFA’s mission and objectives.

Most recently, Richman served as senior vice president and co-head of North America Consulting for Informa Agribusiness Consulting, a global firm specializing in research and intelligence on agricultural commodities, biofuels, food production, seed and crop protection, fertilizers, animal health and policy and regulation. While at Informa, Richman conducted multiple studies and analyses for RFA, as well as individual clients involved in ethanol production and marketing, private equity firms and other bioenergy investors, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and organizations like the National Corn Growers Association, U.S. Grains Council, and Growth Energy.

Categories: Today's News

Smaller rapeseed crop sends prices spiking

Biofuels Digest - Sun, 07/29/2018 - 1:41pm

In Germany, UFOP reports that the ongoing heatwave in the EU-28 is anticipated to lead to a significantly smaller rapeseed harvest than previously expected and prices have already risen considerably and are likely to increase further.

German ex-farm prices of rapeseed from the 2018 crop have surged substantially over the past few weeks. Since the beginning of July 2018, asking prices have surged on average by around EUR 11 per tonne to EUR 347 per tonne. Consequently, rapeseed prices have gone up more than 6 per cent since hitting this year’s lows at the end of April. This is due to the foreseeably disappointing rapeseed harvest in many countries of the EU-28. In Germany and France, and also outside the EU in Ukraine, crop yields and in some cases oil content are expected to be low. Depending on region, the decline in yield amounts to 10 per cent to 40 per cent compared to the previous year, Agrarmarkt-Informationsgesellschaft (AMI) has reported. Based on the first threshing results, market observers expect Germany to see the smallest rapeseed harvest in ten years. However, it is too early for results to be conclusive. Accordingly, producers’ supply of new-crop rapeseed is low. On the one hand, no one wants to run the risk of not being able to comply with contracts they entered into. On the other hand, farmers are speculating on significantly firmer prices due to the foreseeably tight availability. The Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP) has indicated that it hopes the current development in prices will make rapeseed more interesting for the oncoming sowing season. For reasons of crop rotation, there is no alternative to rapeseed as the most important leaf crop in most production regions.

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Mark Zenuk Joins Bunge Limited Board of Directors

Biofuels Digest - Sun, 07/29/2018 - 1:40pm

In New York, Mark Zenuk has been appointed to Bunge Limited’s Board of Directors. Zenuk has served as Managing Partner of Tillridge Global Agribusiness Partners, an agribusiness private equity firm, since 2016.

Prior to Tillridge, he was a Managing Director at NGP Energy Capital Management (“NGP”), where he led NGP’s agribusiness investment platform from 2010 to 2016. Before joining NGP, he served in many domestic and international executive leadership roles with Archer Daniels Midland Company (“ADM”), having most recently led ADM’s oilseed business unit. Before joining ADM in 1999, he served as General Manager of the Commodity Marketing Group for the Saskatchewan Wheat Pool and Marketing Manager for the Canadian Wheat Board.

“We’re pleased to welcome Mark to our Board of Directors,” said L. Patrick Lupo, Chairman, Bunge Limited. “His deep experience and understanding of global agribusiness markets, along with his operating expertise and strong commitment to shareholder value, make him an ideal addition to the Board. We believe his industry perspectives and business acumen will be extremely valuable as Bunge continues to execute its strategic priorities.”

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Study compares different pretreatment methods for lignocellulosic wastes

Biofuels Digest - Sun, 07/29/2018 - 1:36pm

In India, a new study conducted by researchers at Dayalbagh Educational Institute looked at the different pretreatment methods for lignocellulosic wastes for biofuels, including physical, chemical, physico-chemical, biological and combined pretreatments.

It has been shown that combined pretreatments are more effective as compared to single pretreatment and there is an extensive scope of combinations which can also be applied in future. Recent review critically discusses and compares different pretreatment methods, biomass resources, chemical composition of different agricultural biomass and the use of this biomass for bioenergy generation. Various pretreatment processes used for bio-hydrogen, bio-methane, bio-ethanol, bio-methanol bio-butanol and bio-diesel production are also discussed in the study.


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India lowers taxes on biofuel pellets to 5%

Biofuels Digest - Sun, 07/29/2018 - 1:34pm

In India, the government held its 28th Goods and Services Tax Council meeting on Friday and as a result of the meeting, lowered taxes on various products across several sectors including a tax reduction on biofuel pellets from 18 percent to 5 percent. Fuel-cell vehicles GST was also lowered from 28 percent to 12 percent. Both of those tax reductions were part of the country’s efforts to embrace cleaner and greener energy.

Critics wonder, however, if companies will pass on the tax benefits in lower prices to their customers. Other goods and services will also benefit from reduced taxation such as certain fabrics, some chemicals used in fertilizers, and a number of products such as handmade lamps and wax that are made mostly by small businesses in rural India.

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High-throughput thermal conversion: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to EnerSysNet

Biofuels Digest - Fri, 07/27/2018 - 8:31am

EnerSysNet Canada Inc.’s mission is to develop modular systems that enable the forest residuals to hydrocarbon economy. Oxygen-free, liquid hydrocarbons would be produced from sustainably managed timber reserves by a distributed network of small, self-contained biorefineries that literally take the factory to the forest. The companies “ablative” conversion technology transforms woody biomass from harvest and mill waste into renewable liquid hydrocarbons by integrating proven technologies in the field, and delivers these to refineries to yield gasoline, diesel and aviation fuels, displacing crude oil and reducing greenhouse gases.

EnerSysNet Canada CEO Gary Scoggins gave this illuminating overview of the company’s promise and progress on The Early Stage, the Digest’s webinar series on emerging technologies of interest.

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The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the week of July 27th

Biofuels Digest - Thu, 07/26/2018 - 4:23pm


The pace of invention and change is just too strong, we’ve realized, to highlight annual or even quarterly or monthly rankings and summaries of significant product and service advances. For now, we’re going to be tracking these on a weekly basis to keep pace with the changes. Here are the top innovations for the week of July 27th..

#1 Meet Noah, the latest biobased, electric vehicle

In the Netherlands, students at the Eindhoven University of Technology have built an electric car from flax fiber and sugar. Dubbed Noah, the two-seater weighs just 420 kg, including the battery.
The car’s chassis and interior are comprised of panels of bioplastic and flax fiber, while the body is made of flax mats injected with a biobased resin. Because the materials weigh so little, Noah’s battery weighs just 60 kg—compared with regular electric car batteries that require several hundred kg.
Once the car has completed its useful life, it can be ground down and used as raw material for other products.
Cas Verstappen, one of the students who worked on the project, tells Automotive Business Review that the project was targeted toward building awareness. “We want to show that a circular economy is already possible in complex products such as cars.”

More on the story.

Categories: Today's News

Proton Power pays $143,336 in back wages to 82 employees after violations found

Biofuels Digest - Thu, 07/26/2018 - 1:03pm

In Tennessee, Proton Power Inc. has paid $143,336 in back wages to 82 employees after a U.S. Department of Labor’s Wage and Hour Division (WHD) investigation found that the biodiesel fuels company violated minimum wage and overtime provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). WHD investigators found Proton Power Inc. of Lenoir City, Tennessee, failed to pay employees at least the minimum wage and overtime rates at time-and-one-half for hours worked over 40 in a workweek due to missed payroll.

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Enerkem’s proposed $200 million Twin Cities facility depends on new wastewater treatment plant

Biofuels Digest - Thu, 07/26/2018 - 1:01pm

In Minnesota, Enerkem is in the engineering phase and working through the permitting process for the proposed $200 million MSW-to-ethanol plant outside of St. Paul in Inver Grove Heights where it is teaming with a local MSW management company to eventually produce twice as much ethanol annually as at its 10 million gallon per year Edmonton facility. The project could get the go ahead to start building in 2019 or 2020 with commissioning up to 24 months later, but key is the proposed $28 million wastewater treatment facility the Twin Cities metro area needs to build in order to supply the 1.6 million gallons of reclaimed water needed per day to process up to 1,500 tons of MSW into fuel.

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Australia grants up to A$4 million for bio-crude from biosolids pilot

Biofuels Digest - Thu, 07/26/2018 - 12:59pm

In Australia, the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) announced funding for a pioneering project aiming to turn biosolids from sewage into crude oil. On behalf of the Australian Government, ARENA is providing up to A$4 million in funding to Southern Oil Refining for its pilot project at its refinery near Gladstone, Queensland.

The $11.8 million project involves building a demonstration scale hydrothermal liquefaction reactor to produce the renewable crude oil from biosolids. The hydrothermal liquefaction will involve the treatment of the biosolids using a thermochemical conversion process to produce a biocrude. The renewable crude oil will then be upgraded to renewable diesel and potentially renewable jet fuel using Southern Oil Refining’s existing facilities that re-refine waste oils such as transmission and engine oils.

Categories: Today's News

Brazilian hydrous ethanol production up 72% on the year through H1 July

Biofuels Digest - Thu, 07/26/2018 - 12:58pm

In Brazil, Platts reports that UNICA data showed hydrous ethanol production during the first half of July rose 3.2% from the last half of June at 1.60 billion liters, nearly 54% higher on the year. So far this season, hydrous ethanol production is nearly 72% higher on the year at 9.37 billion liters. Anhydrous ethanol production held steady during H1 July compared to H2 June at 790.74 million liters and was down 6.53% compared to last year, although total anhydrous production is up on the year as well at 4.08 billion liters. The total cane crush for the period was 6.5% lower on the year at 44.88 million metric tons.

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